Popular Painters & Other Visionaries

November 12, 2021 – February 27, 2022

Curated by El Museo’s Curatorial Department

 Popular Painters and Other Visionaries examines the practices of 35 artists working on the margins of modernism and the mainstream art world throughout the Americas around the mid-20th century. The exhibition creates new dialogues between Latino and Latin American artists, with an emphasis on the US, the Caribbean, and South America and the African diaspora in these regions. The term “popular” painters is used to identify artists that because of their class or racial backgrounds have been marginalized from official art history and labeled with pejorative terms such as naive and primitive.

First presented as a virtual exhibition during the months of the global pandemic, this new version of the show presented in the galleries will feature over 100 works, with more than half drawn from El Museo’s Permanent Collection. The checklist is supplemented with loans from other institutional collections, including The Museum of Modern Art and the American Folk Art Museum and Museu de Arte de São Paulo, as well as works from private holdings never presented before in New York.

The exhibition is grouped in four thematic sections. “Inside/Outside” explores the hybrid influence of European genre painting and popular culture in the work of Black Modernists such as Horace Pippin, Heitor dos Prazeres, and Micius Stéphane, among others. “Visible/Invisible” focus on the influence of spirituality and Afro-Atlantic religions, including paintings by Benoît Rigaud and Louisiane Saint Fleurant, works on paper by Minnie Evans and Consuelo González Amézcua, sculptures by Chico Tabibuia, and beadwork by Antoine Oleyant. “Public/Private” showcases the interest for vernacular architecture and the representation of communal landscapes, including a large group of serigraphs by Manuel Hernández Acevedo and in-depth presentations by Préfète Duffaut and Asilia Guillén. “Animal/Human” presents a mix of human and animal figurative works, focusing on Latinx pioneers such as Felipe Jesús Consalvos, Gregorio Marzán, and Eloy Blanco.

An accompanying scholarly, 200-page catalog will be published, including essays by the curators, reproduction of works in the exhibition, and commissioned close-reading short-essays on selected artworks.

Popular Painters & Other Visionaries is presented by the MetLife Foundation. Leadership support provided by Tony Bechara. Additional support provided by Isabel & Julio Nazario and the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs.



Rigaud Benoît. Sans titre (Sirène) [Untitled (Mermaid)], 1962. Oil on Masonite. 24.25 x 18.25 in. Collection El Museo del Barrio, New York. Gift of Drs. Roslyn and Lloyd Siegel


Mario Sanchez. The Buckeye (Beginning of the Industry in Key West) [El Buckeye (Inicio de la industria en Key West)], c. 1958. Relief sculpture of wood and oil paint. 16 1/2 x 20 1/2 x 1 1/2 in. Key West Art and Historical Society


Antoine Oleyant. Guedeh, c. 1981-1991. Beads and sequins on nylon cloth. 35 1/4 x 43 in. Collection El Museo del Barrio, New York. Gift of Margery Nathanson


Gregorio Marzán. Águila pequeño [Small Eagle], c. 1970s. Mixed media. 35 x 23 in. Collection El Museo del Barrio, New York


Silvia de Leon Chalreo. Gente da rua [People from the Street], 1962. Oil on Masonite. 24 x 17.75 in. Collection El Museo del Barrio, New York. Gift from Gale Simmons, Craig Duncan and Lynn Tarbox in memory of Barbara Duncan, 2007


Asilia Guillén. Heroes and Artists Come to the Pan American Union to be Consecrated [Héroes y artistas vienen a la Unión Panamericana para ser consagrada], 1962. Oil on canvas mounted on cardboard. 20 x 24 in. OAS AMA | Art Museum of the Americas